Geomagnetic storm wall in fact this Halloween after intense solar flares

On Thursday, the sun triggered a significant solar eruption against Earth, which peaked at 11:35 EDT, scientists say.

Solar eruptions are powerful eruptions of radiation, and although harmful radiation from eruptions cannot pass through the Earth’s atmosphere to physically affect humans, they can, when intense enough, disrupt the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communication signals travel.

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The flare-up was classified as an X1, with the X-Class being the most intense. X10 flares are considered unusually intense.

This was the second X-Class flare of Solar Cycle 25, which began in December 2019.

A video from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center covering activity between 25-28. October, the flare showed.

Two other eruptions included an eruption of solar material called a coronal mass ejection and an invisible swarm of solar energy particles hurled toward Earth, Goddard said.

Coronal mass emissions are large clouds of solar plasma and embedded magnetic fields released into space after a solar flare. NASA notes that the fastest ground-directed coronal mass discharges can reach our planet in as little as 15-18 hours.

The particles hit the Earth’s magnetic shield and can create a kind of space weather known as a geomagnetic storm.

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“One of the most common forms of space weather, a geomagnetic storm refers to any time when the Earth’s magnetic environment, the magnetosphere, undergoes sudden and repeated changes,” explains NASA Science. Geomagnetic storms can be caused by high-speed bursts of solar wind, and when a CME connects with the magnetosphere. The sun’s magnetic fields retract the outer layers of the Earth’s fields and change the shape of the magnetosphere itself. power failure. “

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Space Weather Prediction Center said Friday that a geomagnetic storm surge is in effect this weekend.

The center said the impact on the technology from such a storm is generally nominal, but it has the potential to drive northern lights further away from a normal polar home.

Auroras are displays of light in the sky that typically occur in the northern and southern regions that occur when incoming charged particles from the sun hit oxygen and nitrogen about 60 to 200 miles up into the Earth’s atmosphere, releasing a flash of light and heat.

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Electrons and protons released by solar storms can create bright northern lights at lower latitudes.

Due to the recent flare-up, the Northern Lights may be visible over the far northeast, upper Midwest, and Washington State – though it can be difficult to see if you live near city lights.

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